Tactical scheme of capoeiragem 2

In the first part of this article, we learned the four types of entries of the basic tactical scheme: jabs, guardbreakers, counters, grab defences.

In this part, we will analyse how to actually apply them in combat.

We will use Ginga as a on-guard stance, as most people are familiar with it; but the same principle works with Peneiracao.

(Of course, all this applies to the original Bahian ginga, Monkey+Seduction1 mechanics; not the modern abominations).


The way you use your on-guard stance in capoeira differs from that of kungfu. In kungfu, you press forward; if the opponent grabs you, you use one of its powerful grab defences.
On the contrary, in capoeira, you do not want the opponent to grab you; so you will use a different tactics that will keep you away from the opponent.

Ginga(and Peneiracao) is a product of this tactics.


Start in the left rear position of ginga(right foot in the back). You should be out of opponent's range; so relatively safe.

Step forth with your left foot; into the range.

Now you are inside opponent's range; and he inside in yours. What you do depends on the way the opponent reacts:

1)If his guard is open, apply a jab or a jabkick.

2)If his guard is tight and he is close, apply a guardbreaker.

3)If he attacks with a suitable technique, apply a counter.

4)If he uses an attack for which you do not have a counter, escape! Either drop low or use other evasive maneuver and pull back out of range.

If he does neither, you do not risk doing anything! Instead, step with your right foot and pull back into the right rear position of ginga, out of his reach.


Note that this constant shifting in and out of the range characterizes capoeira fighting system. Modern ginga that has you in the range all the time is stupid and useless.

You only attack when you are in range, and there is a good oportunity (one of the points (1),(2),(3)). If there is no opportunity, you wait or use a fake to bring it about.

Note that you only can attack half of the time with ginga; as the other half of the time you are out of range. But this is what you pay for the grab-averse tactics of capoeiragem.


When the opponent attacks you in the rear position of ginga, you simply run back to lengthten the distance; this is not a time to apply any techniques! You always attack in the front.

This is why I don't really like Bimba's Rear queda de tres from that position (or even the modern Negativa!); as evading in the back of Ginga is stupid. It should only be used as last ditch effort when you cannot step back properly.

With Peneiracao, the tactics work the same way; only with a lot of more swing.



















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